Politically, the Pacific Northwest is actively involved in environmental efforts. Sometimes, the Pacific Northwest is defined as being the Northwestern United States specifically, excluding Canada. The United States established a claim based on the discoveries of Robert Gray, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the construction of Fort Astoria, and the acquisition of Spanish claims given to the United States in the Adams–Onís Treaty. For example, all cities within the portion of California included in the Pacific Northwest have populations less than 100,000, with that portion of the state containing millions of acres of national forests and parks. In 1790, the Spanish sent three ships to Nootka Sound, under the command of Francisco de Eliza. The best weather for long-distance trips on the PNT generally occurs between mid-June and mid-September. The Lieutenant-Governor from 2007 to 2012, Steven Point, was of aboriginal origin, being Stó:lō (the dominant type of Coast Salish in BC's Lower Mainland) from the Chilliwack area. Also, within the region, there is a fairly strong representation of Orthodox churches (Greek, Russian, Serbian, and others), as well as the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.  They met Vancouver in the Strait of Georgia on June 21, 1792. In Washington, the major NCAA Division I college athletic programs are the University of Washington Huskies and the Washington State Cougars.  Socialist beliefs were once widespread (thanks in large part to the area's large numbers of Scandinavian immigrants), and the region has had a number of Socialist elected officials. The Pacific Northwest … Noteworthy Russian settlements still in place include: Unalaska (1774), Kodiak 1791 and Sitka (1804) making them the oldest permanent non-Indigenous settlements in the Pacific Northwest. Vancouver is home to a 4-team league for Australian football, the British Columbia Australian Football League, one of several Canadian Australian football leagues. Alessandro Malaspina, sailing for Spain, explored and mapped the coast from Yakutat Bay to Prince William Sound in 1791, then sailed to Nootka Sound. The region is also known as a magnet for a wide range of philosophical and spiritual belief systems. Most mixed ancestry people ended up resettled in or around Indigenous reserves during the subsequent period, or otherwise assimilating in the mainstream.. Portland is a major microbrewery center in America, and is home to numerous breweries. Trump is falling behind in the count — and in the courts. Other outstanding natural features include the Columbia River Gorge, Fraser Canyon, Mount St. Helens, Malaspina Glacier, and Hells Canyon.  The region as a whole is also known for its bicycle culture as an alternative form of transportation; Portland is considered by Forbes Traveler to be the second most bicycle-friendly city in the world. After his election, supporters coined the famous slogan "Fifty-four Forty or Fight", referring to 54°40' north latitude—the northward limit of the United States' claim.  Other evidence for human occupation dating back as much as 14.5 kya (14,500 years ago) is emerging from Paisley Caves in south-central Oregon.  The most common conception includes the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon and Washington and the Canadian province of British Columbia. The leader of the opposition party from 2005 to 2011, the NDP, was Carole James, of partial Métis origin. How did totem poles get started? Because many areas have plentiful rainfall and mild summers, the Pacific Northwest has some of North America's most lush and extensive forests, which are extensively populated with Coast Douglas fir trees, the second tallest growing evergreen conifer on earth. There has been major growth in Chinese Buddhist temples since the increase in immigration from East Asia in the 1980s, especially in Vancouver. the Civil War. Unlike other tribes across the country, the Pacific Northwest Coastal Indians never developed democracy. All accents in the United States exist relative to General American, which is the name given to the American accent that has “neutral” characteristics. From the stage, Pacifica encourages people in the crowd to come on and share their \"Pioneer Day spirit,\" though her enthusiasm c… Locally-made craft beers, ciders, and premium wines from various wine-growing areas within the region are popular with drinkers and diners. The Harney Basin of Oregon is an example of arid climate in the Pacific Northwest.  By the late 18th century and into the mid-19th century, Russian settlers had established several posts and communities on the northeast Pacific coast, eventually reaching as far south as Fort Ross, California. Seriously – look it up. Ethnic staples ranging from frozen perogies or samosas to frozen spring rolls or dim sum are common in most supermarkets in these communities. Initial formal claims to the region were asserted by Spain in 1513 with explorer Nuñez de Balboa, the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean from the Americas. The modern-era Pacific Northwest is known for indie music, especially grunge, alternative rock, and metal; the region also has folk music and world music traditions and has lately gained notice for its hip hop scene. Vancouver had explored Puget Sound just previously. 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